Created By: Loren Baumberger
The Old Medina in Casablanca allows tourists and locals to see what the city was like before colonial rule. The area dates back hundreds of years, in which the Old Medina was destroyed in 1755 by an earthquake. The Old Medina was later rebuilt in the 1770s. During French rule, the Old Medina was left fairly untouched, with the French building around the area. The Old Medina today continues to be a prominent residential area, but there are several shops and restaurants that are worth visiting. One restaurant, Rick's Cafe, was feautured in the film Casablanca. The Old Medina shows Casablanca' vast history and traditional ways of life before French rule.
The Old Medina also hosts Casablanca's mellah. A mellah is the Jewish Quarter of a city in Morocco. Many Jewish people migrated to Morocco in the 15th century during the Spanish Reconquista, in which many Jewish people were pushed out of the Iberian Peninsula. The Jewish population settled in mellahs due to being surrounded by walls, providing protection. Interestingly, though, the mellah in the Old Medina is only a century old. During French colonialism, the French divided up the local populations in Casablanca depending on their race and/or religion. They utilized the mellah to place the Jewish people in one area, separate from the French and Muslims. Even after idependence, a large part of the Jewish population in Casablanca continues to live there, despite being accepted as a religion. This shows the remnants of colonialism in Casablanca. There remains no need to keep the Jewish population separate, and yet they continue to live in the mellah. This could be due to family ties to the mellah or more affordable housing in the area. Despite rejecting colonial religion, colonial separations still remain in Casablanca, as seen in the Old Medina.
This point of interest is part of the tour: Religious Identities in Casablanca