DESTINATION: Dayton & Armitage - The People's Church

Stories from the Redline: Fire Fire Gentrifier

DESTINATION: Dayton & Armitage - The People's Church

Chicago, Illinois 60614, United States

Created By: National Public Housing Museum


After the massive success of the takeover of the McCormick Theological Center, which brought hundreds of thousands of dollars to the community, the Young Lords reached out to the Armitage Avenue United Methodist Church in an attempt to use their space for different community programs. From the get-go, there were conflicts of interest; many members of the Young Lords identified as members of the communist party, whereas many members of the congregation were Cuban exiles.

While attempts were made to partner, citing that the work they hoped to accomplish was Christ-like, feeding the poor, establishing health services, and creating youth education programs, the talks came to a stall. Anxious to begin their work, the Young Lords took over the church, renaming it The People’s Church.

Although this takeover wasn’t looked upon favorably by many of the parishioners, surprisingly, the pastor, Bruce Johnson and his wife Eugenia, were supporters of their work and important advocates for their occupation. After the Chicago Police Department would come to attempt to evict the Young Lords, the Johnsons would come to their aid and say they had permission to be in the church, allowing their work to continue for a few months.

In a similar ending of the original Rainbow Coalition, government powers were threatened by the work of the Young Lords and the People’s Church, and after months of persecution, the activities of the People’s Church came to a halt, Jiménez was arrested and put into solitary confinement, and the Johnsons were found brutally murdered in their home. The murder remains unsolved to this day.

Source: Bernico, Matt. “The People’s Church.” The People’s Church | Geez Magazine, 30 Dec. 2020,

Read the audio transcript.

This point of interest is part of the tour: Stories from the Redline: Fire Fire Gentrifier


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