Westside Architectural Walking Tour

Westside Architectural Walking Tour

Madison, Indiana 47250, United States

Created By: Visit Madison, Inc.

Tour Information

ARCHITECTURAL STYLES Federal, Greek Revival, and Italiante are three architectural styles that are prevalent in Madison. Not all elements are found on every building, and some buildings will be a mixture of style elements. Architectural design isn’t always pure!

FEDERAL STYLE Federal Style was the predominant style of architecture between 1780 and 1820. Federal was a term people thought identified with America rather than imperial Britain. It was a new vernacular style for a new country. Besides these features pointed out, a Federal style house also might have had dormers, a balustrade around the roof line and cornices with decorative moldings. It might have also been wood rather than brick.

GREEK REVIVAL Greek revival style was fashionable from roughly 1820 to 1860 and is one of the most prominent found in Madison. It was a style that people saw as a way of identifying with the birthplace of democracy and turning further away from Britain, especially after the War of 1812. As with other styles, not all Greek Revival houses will look exactly alike. Some will have a low-profile, triangular-shaped gable facing the front of the house. Others will be symmetrical and will have large porches with columns across the front.They are all still Greek Revival.

ITALIANATE Italianate was the popular style in the 1850 to 1890 time period. Rather than being a political statement, design had become a question of decoration adding some pizzazz. And because more was being done with machines, it had become easier to add decoration. Along with the features seen below, Italianate houses are tall in appearance (2, 3, or 4 stories). They might have square towers or cupolas as well as balustrade balconies on the porch roof. Also common are side bay windows.

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What You'll See on the Tour

304 W. Second, c. 1820, Federal style. This house was considered Madison’s first brick mansion. In 1821 Sullivan coined the name “Indianapolis” when he was in the legislature and plans were being made to move the state capital from Co... Read more
217 W. Second, c. 1817. Federal style. This is Madison’s first 2-story brick house. Originally a tavern and rooming house, the Grand Masonic Lodge was organized here in 1818. In 1970 the Indiana Masonic Heritage Foundation purchased and r... Read more
301 W. Second, c. 1820, Federal style. This home was used as the temporary office of the county clerk when the courthouse burned in 1853. Now the current Historic Madison Inc. offices. Pictured to the right.
301 W. First, c. 1846 - 1849, Greek Revival. Designed and built by Francis Costigan for steamboat captain, merchant, flour mill owner and mayor of Madison, Charles Shrewsbury. The paint in the drawing room was applied in 1849 and has never ... Read more
302 Elm, 1838, Greek Revival. Colby got a loan to build the house from the banker, J. F.D. Lanier, but skipped town without paying. Lanier finished the house and lived in it while his own was being finished. He then gave it to his daughter,... Read more
510 W. Second, 1872. A shotgun style with Italianate bracketed parapet that covers the front gable roof line. Built by tinsmith, John Eckert, the front of the house is pressed zinc sheet metal made to look like stone. ...
500 W. First, 1840 - 1844. Greek Revival. This is another Costigan-designed house which was meant to impress with its size and solid feel to fit the status of its owner, banker J. F. D. Lanier.
620 W. Main, 1853. Italianate style. Hendricks was the secretary of the first constitutional convention in 1816, the 3rd governor of Indiana from 1822 to 1825 and a U.S. Senator from 1825 to 1837.
This house represents a mixture of architectural styles as things were added over time. The entrance is Federal with its sidelights and fanlight. The portico with Ionic columns is Greek Revival and the brackets with pendants represent Itali... Read more
Classic style. This was the home of Mrs. Emilie Todd Helm, Mary Todd Lincoln’s half sister. Mrs. Helm moved here from Elizabethtown, KY, during the Civil War after her Confederate General husband was killed at the Battle of Chickamauga. S... Read more
The architect, Francis Costigan, built this brick double as his residence and a rental unit. It was done in the style of Greek Revival. Private home.
408 W. Third St., 1849-1850, Greek Revival. Narrow on the outside but spacious on the inside, this is the house that has been called a prime candidate for the finest surviving Greek Revival townhouse in America. Although built by Costigan f... Read more
312 W. Third St., 1837, Federal style. with later Italianate modifications. This was the home of Jesse D. Bright, who was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1845 and was reelected twice. In 1862 he was expelled from the Senate for support of the... Read more


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