Created By: Goulbourn Township Historical Society
Richmond, Ontario is the oldest settlement in Carleton County. Surveyed and laid out in July 1818 under military authority as it was to be a supply depot for one of the new townships being set up by the British. It was to be populated by soldiers of the disbanded 99th regiment who had fought in the War of 1812.
Richmond did not grow gradually; it was set up as a complete town with instant settlers – members of the Irish-raised 100th regiment which was renamed the 99th by the time its members got to Richmond. The settlement straddled the Jock River, which was then considered a useful transport route.
Although the military withdrew its support in 1822, Richmond continued to do well and in 1850, it was the first municipal corporation in Carleton County to be formed as a village.